European Journal of Sustainable Development https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd European Center of Sustainable Development en-US European Journal of Sustainable Development 2239-5938 Sustainability Framework for Revealing and Analysing the Co-benefits of Nature-based Solutions to Urban Water Challenges https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1335 <p>The traditional approach towards urban water infrastructure elements is forced to change by the severe impacts of climate change. Nature-based solutions (NBS) addressing urban water challenges have recently prevailed for their potential to provide multiple co-benefits. However, the evaluation processes of NBS implementations usually lack the inclusion of co-benefits. This paper aims to assess the performance of flood-oriented NBS applications in delivering various co-benefits. To do this, we introduced a categorization of the identified challenges for the selected projects from NATURVATION Atlas. Eight challenges are associated with environmental, social and economic co-benefits. The governance features and costs were analysed as well as the expected co-benefits of the selected projects. The examined NBS projects indeed contributed to environmental sustainability. More than half of them achieve social benefits, and additional economic benefits can be found in less than a fifth of them. The participation of certain governmental bodies and civil society elements is more likely to bring co-benefits. The analysis implies that projects with multiple benefits require larger budgets. By raising the awareness of the importance of the inclusion of different societal challenges in the planning and implementation phase, the participating actors can promote the multiple benefits approach within the NBS projects.</p> Mária Szalmáné Csete Anıl Yıldırım Poyraz Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 1 1 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p1 Economic Implications of the Effects of the Ukrainian War https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1336 <p>Without any doubt, beyond humanitarian consequences, Russia's war in Ukraine will have economic implications, some of which we can already see, others will be more obvious soon. The most important effect is on energy and food prices. Energy security remains the "Achilles' heel" of the European economy, given its heavy dependence on Russian energy imports. In this article, we will analyse, among other implications, what is probable to happen in the commodity trading markets and who are the winners and losers from this difficult situation. We will also have a look at capital flows, what are the perspectives of emerging markets from the area. Another aspect taken into consideration is consumer and business confidence, because, despite significant savings accumulated during the pandemic, there will be an important change from the consumer side, which will nevertheless affect the GDP growth. Given the fact that this is an ongoing event, some of the conclusions may be different at the time of presentation.</p> Iulian Gole Florentina Olivia Balu Mihaela Diana Oancea Negescu Cristina Dima Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 17 17 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p17 Perceptional Differences on the Concept of Sustainability Between Japanese and Foreign Students https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1337 <p>The concept of sustainability has complex and multidisciplinary definition, which includes environmental, social and ecological aspects. How well students perceive the concept of sustainability, and do they really understand the meaning of this concept was the main topic of our study. We have evaluated perceptional difference between 80 Japanese and 80 Non-Japanese students, by creating the special educational program which included topics on global and regional issues such as biodiversity loss, climate change, environmental pollution social issues like gender imbalance, health care, human rights and etc. Analysis have shown significant differences between Japanese and Non-Japanese students on the perception of economic development, sustainable communities and livelihoods. As well as Pre- and Post- analysis showed the changes on the perception of the regional issues after the completion of the course. Our study suggests, that the perception on the sustainability may strongly depend on the students’ historical background, cultural differences and living environmental conditions.</p> Aida Mammadova Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 25 25 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p25 Pedagogical Challenges of Architectural Education in Nigeria; Study of Curriculum Contents and Physical Learning Environment https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1338 <p>The current curriculum design, program and the state of the physical learning environment in the Nigerian schools of architecture seem inadequate and ineffective. The study examined the teaching of architecture in Nigerian tertiary institutions. The aim is to ascertain the state of the present curriculum contents and learning facilities. Major Challenges identified in this study include dearth of learning facilities, inability to reform the curriculum contents and limited financial resources allocation to run the schools. Also increasing unemployment for architecture graduates and unskilled nature of practicing graduates were also included. Highlighted in the discussion for necessary intervention by stakeholders of Nigerian tertiary institutions includes review and upgrading of existing curriculum, efficient time-management skills and collaborative teaching and learning techniques. For physical learning environment, literature points that a clean, bright, organized and open-plan ventilated space strengthens learning by motivation. The result from the survey carried out on physical classroom environment among students of tertiary institutions, indicates that the level of satisfaction was fairly satisfactory and that the students expressed that large halls, large corridors were the most available facilities (63.2% and 52.8% respectively). The major equipment in the classroom were whiteboards (100%), personal computers (47.2%) and digital projector or smart board (30.4%), while the available facilities for pleasant environment were attractive surroundings (100.0%). Adjustment of training methodology, improving training skills, retraining the trained, upgrading infrastructure and facilities; expansion of the curriculum and training program were recommended in order to comply with the current global trends.</p> Nicholas I. Obi Joy Sylvia C. Obi Francis O. Okeke Rosemary C. Nnaemeka-Okeke Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 32 32 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p32 Approaching Tensions in Business Model Innovation for Sustainability: An Ordonomic Meta-Framework on Tensions https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1339 <p>Business model innovation for sustainability (BMIfS) has recently seen a surge in academia and practice. This article introduces an ordonomic BMIfS meta-framework to further stimulate the growing research interest on how available approaches to tensions in BMIfS can be purposefully reconciled to improve the management of BMIfS. The ordonomic BMIfS meta-framework proposes an opportunity to mediate between the normative desiderata of integrative approaches and ‘practical’ instrumental ones to tensions, which feature prominently in the contemporary literature. Within this meta-framework, both approaches play equally important but categorially different roles. This article contributes by proposing to actively shape the ‘boundary conditions’ in BMIfS processes to prevent tensions manifesting in irreconcilable tradeoffs.</p> Felix Carl Schultz Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 47 47 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p47 Isolation and Utilization of Toxins from Marine Invasive Species Towards the Management of Their Population https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1340 <p>The pufferfish <em>Lagocephalus sceleratus</em> and lionfish <em>Pterois miles</em>, are two of the most important marine alien species of the Mediterranean basin. <em>L.sceleratus</em> is one of the most toxic species on the planet, as its tissues contain Tetradotoxin (TTX), a neuroparalytic toxin that can cause death if consumed, while lionfish is also venomous and causes a wide range of symptoms when its venom is injected through the hard thorns of its fins. Both species have rapidly developed large populations in the Eastern Mediterranean basin, while showing increasing signs of spread in the Central and Western part, causing a wide range of socioeconomic and environmental impacts. Finding innovative methods for their economic exploitation is a basic condition in order to create incentives for their targeted fishing and to achieve the limitation of their populations. A study was conducted on the isolation and identification techniques of toxins from both species. In the context of the utilization of the tetradotoxin (TTX) contained in <em>L.sceleratus</em>, an attempt was made to integrate it into products of high added value, such as cosmetics, after the study of its encapsulation in a polymer matrix through the electro-hydrodynamic process of electrospraying.</p> Sofia Papadaki Pappou Sofia Dimou Panagiotis Krokida Magdalini Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 61 61 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p61 Shifting Microeconomic Indicators into Solving Macroeconomic Issues https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1341 <p>Defining relations can be built between the state and the corporation on its capitalist structure with observable results in increasing economic performance. The idea of ​​sustainability results from Schumpeter's analysis of "healthy" economic growth of about 2% per year (according to the analysis between 1890 and 1940, including the unsustainable pre-crisis growth of 3.8% / year between 1890 and 1929). Basically, the relationship between government action and corporate governance can be likened to the relationship between urban management and business management (the ultimate goal is to attract investors / stakeholders to the city / corporation by offering advantages over other areas with similar characteristics but keeping the sense of economic logic). to maintain a competitive environment over the local government apparatus and an effective relationship with the inhabitants of that city, respectively, to maintain an organizational culture that resonates with the employees and with the initial purpose of the business), thus this research work having a character of rationalization of the economic environment of an emerging state through an integrated corporate governance approach to the issue.</p> Florina Bran Dumitru Alexandru Bodislav Maria Loredana Popescu Ana Mădălina Potcovaru Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 72 72 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p72 The Cultural Aspect of Learning Environment in Foreign Languages as a Means of Empowering Social and Integrative Attitudes https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1342 <p>Due to a rising demand for social and integrative interaction among nations, the cultural and educative role of foreign language learning compatible to a sustainable pedagogy learning environment is a priority to be investigated, especially in countries which are heading toward European integration, like Albania is. This paper addresses the enhancement of formal education curriculum with focus at foreign language in order to meet the needs of learning environment by employing an interactive pedagogy methodology. The instrument used in this research is the Socio-Educative Model, Gardner R.C. (2001) which measures the intensity of the impact that cultural and educative constructs have in students` social and integrative attitudes. On national basis, by a random selection technique the Socio-educative Model presented by Attitude Motivation Test Battery (AMTB) was conducted on a sample size of N=1500. The Likert scale of assessment at a range from (1-6) with code (1) indicating absolute disagreement and (6) absolute agreement to the test statements, was used for the instrument and the results of the data gathered indicated that: English learners have moderate positive attitudes toward foreigners speaking English; the language is marked as a high priority when integration is concerned, and they expressed a very strong interest to learn the English language. Overall, the cultural aspect of learning environment reflects the students` social and integrative attitudes to learning English as a foreign language.</p> Valbona Loshi Softa Elda Gjergji Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 79 79 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p79 ESG Rating and Market Valuation of the Firm: Sector Approach https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1343 <p>The main aim of the study was to assess the impact of the ESG rating of the company on its market valuation. The research sample included stock companies of real economy sectors of financial markets of European Union Member States in years 2018-2020. The research hypothesis stated that across financial markets of European Union there are sectors in which there is a strong and positive correlation between high ESG rating of the company and its market value. The paper analysed selected measures of descriptive statistics of used variables, Pearson correlation coefficient, and constructed an Ordinary Least Squared model assessing the impact of ESG rating on the surveyed companies’ market value. Both the composites of ESG rating (ESG and ESGC) and the individual components (E, S, G and C) were analysed. Financial data and ESG ratings were extracted from Refinitiv Eikon database. Undertaken research proved ESG disclosure and rating to be the determinant of the companies market value in specific sectors, while companies controversies appeared to be the destructors of market value of companies across all sectors. Undertaken study adds new insights to the debate on the relation between companies ESG and financial performance by applying sector approach to the analysis.</p> Adrian Gawęda Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 91 91 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p91 Education and Employment of Population with Tertiary Education Attainment in the European Union https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1344 <p>Changes in the labor market are due to changes in production processes. Automation and globalization lead to the need to update the skills of the workforce. Finding and accessing jobs is all the easier as people have a high level of education. In a globalized economy, maintaining a high level of competitiveness is a major challenge. Vocational education and training systems can provide the skills, knowledge and competencies needed for new jobs. Vocational education and training programs are thus solutions by which the lack of skills or skills gaps can be filled. For the period 2000-2020, the article presents the comparative situation of the share of the adult population with tertiary education attainment. Their participation in lifelong education and training programs is very important. The comparative situation of participation rate in education and training is also analyzed. The labor market can influence the areas that high school graduates can pursue in higher education. Thus, the article presents the distribution of tertiary education graduates according to field of education.</p> Constantin Marius Profiroiu Carmen Valentina Rădulescu Petrică Sorin Angheluță Ana Maria Călin Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 105 105 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p105 Problems Relating to Judicial Selection in the Context of Sustainable Development of Society https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1345 <p>A broad competence is conferred upon judges in their capacity as public-office holders, including achieving the fair settlement of criminal and civil relationships and solving disputes between private persons and public authorities by way of administrative proceedings. In administering justice, judges are public officials who have a task to ensure that what today’s society understands by a fair trial. In today’s democratic world, the right to a fair trial should be understood not only as access to justice and judicial protection in criminal, civil and administrative proceedings, but also as compliance of courts with the principles of law, including those of fairness and impartiality, and, more broadly, the legitimacy of judges as public officials. Judges are not abstract public officials, which means that they must have impeccable reputation and adhere to high moral standards.</p> Inga Kudeikina Sandra Kaija Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 115 115 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p115 Perception on the Quality of Organizational Communication in the Support Service Units in Romania https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1346 <p>Our research aimed at assessing the degree of customer satisfaction regarding the quality of organizational communication in the support service units in Romania, from the perspective of the services they have benefited from. Our research was of a quantitative type, through a questionnaire distributed online, to which 315 current and/or former clients of the support services units in Romania replied. In order to establish the representativeness of the research sample, we used the snowball method. The confidence level of the answers was 95% and the MPE was 5.5%. The questionnaire included 21 questions, context in which we formulated one main hypothesis and three working hypotheses. The econometric analysis of the answers was based on the method of comparing the means through the IBM SPSS 20 application, this being supplemented by the ANOVA variance analysis, where the structure of the answers in the questionnaire allowed. In the methodology used, we included the method of analysing multiple answers for structured questions, so as to record more answers from the variants we proposed to the participants in the study. The validation of the research hypotheses revealed that the suspicions of the clients of the support services units in Romania regarding the quality of the provided services are justified, given that the interest of these entities for the loyalty of the beneficiaries of the provided assistance activities is non-existent. The results of the study finally allowed us to formulate proposals for improving the organizational communication within the support units in Romania and, in this way, to also improve both the efficiency of the activity and the loyalty of their customers.</p> Lorian-Ovidiu Vintila Raluca-Elena Ghinea Dumitru-Alin Statie Genoveva Da Costa Lupedia Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 126 126 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p126 Integrating Gender Equity in Vocational Studies to Transform Agricultural Activities Towards Green and Inclusive Businesses https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1347 <p>Productive sectors greatly contribute to environmental pollution in Colombia, especially in rural areas. Green businesses emerged as an alternative to reduce such environmental impacts, applying clean technologies that require STEM knowledge.&nbsp; However, the participation of women in environmental STEM careers is still low, particularly those vocationally oriented to eco-efficient agricultural activities. Thus, the research aimed to answer the question: How to integrate gender equity in vocational training processes to transform agricultural activities towards green and inclusive businesses? A vocational institute acted as the unit of analysis for the case study. Interviews, focus groups and surveys were used to collect data on women in two selected training programs. The gender transformative and sustainable production approaches guided the identification of gender barriers and the implementation of strategies to remove them. As a result, female models led trainings and the installation of environmental prototypes, which inspired and developed STEM skills in the female apprentices, and reduced pollution in rural units. Finally, innovative pedagogical processes and gender aspects were introduced in organizational guidelines, seeking the institutionalization of the gender perspective in STEM environmental vocational training programs and fields.</p> Paola Vásquez Elizabeth Gómez Viviana Gallego Andrea Potes Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 141 141 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p141 A Proposal to Develop Software to Prevent Young People to Acquire Extremist Beliefs https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1348 <p>The advancement and adoption of technology in recent years has been unstoppable and has brought with it multiple benefits. However, progress towards a digitized world and society carries certain dangers and risks that must be addressed. One of these threats, which is becoming more and more frequent, for example, in social media/networks, is the radicalization towards extremism and the performance of acts of terror that, mainly, occur in a male audience. Therefore, the present study aims to analyze this perception that men are more vulnerable than women to adopt these extremisms, identifying the characteristics of people vulnerable in this regard, as well as to present the proposal of the practices that can be followed for the design and development of software to prevent young people from acquiring extremist beliefs. The final goal is that software that follows these practices can be implemented at online social platforms and used at an educational level, mainly in primary schools, where it can have the greatest impact in preventing extremism, and therefore contribute to reducing the number of terror and discrimination acts.</p> J. David Patón-Romero Ingrid Vrålstad Løvås Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 158 158 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p158 Legal Framework for Environmental Protection in the Context of Sustainable Development https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1349 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Modern society is characterized by dramatic climate changes and environment changes. There is an intensive use of natural resources and an increase in environmental pollution. The legal framework and its continuous development are essential for the protection of the environment and its sustainable development. The legal framework is a tool for identification and prevention of natural pollution sources, the prevention of environmental threats to the health of the population and the improvement of the quality of life of people in general. The volume of environmental legislation has increased significantly in recent years, but shortcomings in its implementation and enforcement are not sufficient to address environmental issues. The world community has relatively little knowledge of the potential for improving the legal regulation to strengthen environmental security by addressing global environmental risks.</span></p> Aldona Kipāne Andrejs Vilks Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 169 169 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p169 What Hinders the Development of a Sustainable Compostable Packaging Market? https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1350 <p>Numerous publications and expert reports indicate plastic pollution as a widespread environmental problem. About 10 million tonnes of litter end up in the seas and oceans each year. It is estimated that 80% of all litter in saltwater is mainly plastic food packaging. Facing this challenge compostable packaging seems to be an alternative to conventional plastic ones and a feasible solution. Despite the environmental opportunities of the packaging produced from bio-based biodegradable polymers, the compostable packaging market is growing relatively slowly. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to recognize the key factors hindering the expansion of the food compostable packaging market for sustainable development. To achieve this objective 29 in-depth interviews with respondents of the key groups of biopackaging market stakeholders were conducted. The results of the qualitative study allowed us to identify environmental, economic, social, and governance barriers in the light of four main problems disrupting compostable packaging market development. This is an important contribution to the business and academic discussion on the importance of compostable packaging in achieving sustainable development goals as well as implementing the circular economy concept. The paper is the effect of the international R&amp;D project.</p> Grażyna Kędzia Jolanta Turek Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 180 180 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p180 EffSET: a Self-Evaluation Tool to Assess the Effectiveness of Education for Sustainable Development https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1351 <p>Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) plays a prominent part in the process of building the ethical, responsible, and sustainable consciousness of future generations and in addressing the sustainability challenge that society is facing. Nevertheless, very few methodologies have been developed to assess the effectiveness of sustainable and responsible teaching, so far. EffSET is a qualitative and quantitative instrument which was developed to enable Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and instructors to classify and analyse their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Sustainability related courses and teaching concepts according to different criteria. The tool is also intended for benchmarking courses and HEIs in time (i.e. against previous years’ evaluation) and space (i.e. against comparable courses/HEIs) and to become an instrument to foster debate on ESD within and outside the institution. The idea behind EffSET is that a holistic perspective that involves, in an inclusive approach, values, strategy, operations, activities, stakeholders, structures, etc. of the HEIs and considers inputs and knowledge from different field of studies must sustain CSR/sustainability curricula/course if an effective impact on students’ long-term ethical, sustainable, and responsible behaviour is the envisaged learning outcome. This paper introduces EffSET and discusses its methodology. Preliminary results from very first applications are, also, showed.</p> Elisabetta Venezia Fabio Pizzutilo Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 197 197 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p197 Mathematical Analysis of the Environmental Impact of Throwaway Fashion https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1352 <p>The Fast Fashion industry is the second largest polluter in the world. The clothes we wear are impacting the environment during and after use. The amount of clothes discarded each year has increased tremendously. A staggering quantity of around 100,000,000 tons of collective apparel ends up in landfills. Most of the textiles are not disposed of in an eco-friendly way, causing the release of pollutants and greenhouse gases. In some countries, discarded clothes are incinerated to avoid piling up in landfills. Incineration releases toxins from the dyes and chemicals used in the clothing. This study focuses on analysing the money spent on each sector (Landfill, Incineration, Reuse and Recycle) and minimising the costs involved in a particular sector by first forming a mathematical model, and then solving it using Diophantine Equations. Waste management of textile waste has become an issue of major concern since the consumption of fast fashion is skyrocketing each year. Disposal methods like incineration and landfill are taking a heavy toll on the environment. The paper makes some recommendations on how the environment can be saved by reducing the costs. The objective of this study is to create awareness among consumers of the environmental impact their purchases are causing.</p> Mukta Mithra Raj Priti Bajpai Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 211 211 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p211 Assessment of Household Solid Waste Management Techniques in Nassarawa “A” Ward in Minna, Niger State, Nigeria https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1353 <p>The most pressing environmental challenge encountered by the urban areas of Nigeria is domestic solid waste management. With its population reaching 200 million, Nigeria sustains its position as one of Africa's largest producers of solid waste. It is indicated that more than 30 million tons of solid waste are generated annually, mostly by households (URL1). Insufficient collection and disposal of municipal waste and lack of reliable transport infrastructures, including inadequate budgetary provisions make the implementation of waste management processes across the States very difficult.&nbsp; Despite the measures put in place by governments across the country, waste management is still a challenge to tackle in high-density residential areas, specifically in informal settlements.&nbsp;&nbsp; Public awareness and participation are critical components in waste management programs besides appropriate legislation, resilient technical support, and adequate funding if certain accomplishments are required.&nbsp;Based on this perspective, the research focuses on understanding what kind of solid waste is generated and how it is disposed of in a selected high-density residential area, the Nassarawa&nbsp; “A” Ward in Minna city where the existence of rising informal settlements is a pressing issue. A household survey is conducted amongst informal settlers to assess the connection between the level of education of households, their awareness of the topic, and also, willingness to participate in the process. The research results proved that majority of the residents were concerned and affected by the poor state of their environment due to the lack of an appropriate solid waste management approach. Very few residents had awareness regarding the stages of waste management such as reusing, recycling, and composting. The research concludes that based on the results obtained from the survey, any waste management strategies introduced should encourage the education of residents and their active participation in the process.</p> Abubakar Dauda Dada Pınar Ulucay Righelato Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 217 217 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p217 Digital Public Administration and the Perspectives of Sustainable Development in Romania https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1354 <p>The Romanian Digitalization Authority is currently proposing a new vision in the public sector through the digital transformation component. It's a vision of the business environment. It is estimated that the benefits of digital transformation, such as efficiency, transparency, and simplicity, could lead to much higher process productivity. The vision that ADR will develop in its work is based on the awareness of the need for new technologies by the leaders of public institutions, the continuous adaptation to the requirements of citizens, quality, secure and fast online public services. However, the question arises whether this vision also considers the perspective of sustainable development in Romania in terms of sustainable development indicators. To be able to answer this question, we used as a research method the documentary analysis doubled by an analysis of the indicators of the sustainable development of Romania for the last five years. The review of the specialized literature gave us the chance to identify the particularities of the digitalization of public administration from other countries and to highlight the specific characteristics of Romania. A comparative analysis of sustainable development indicators will be the subject of our further research.</p> Sorin Burlacu Ion Pargaru Oana Camelia Iacob (Pargaru) Svetlana Platagea Gombos Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 230 230 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p230 Support Service Units in Romania: The Role of Organizational Communication https://ojs.ecsdev.org/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1355 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The main objective of this paper is to analyze the degree of professionalism of the organizational communication in the services providing units in Romania. We also aimed to review the impact that the lack of involvement in the professionalization of organizational communication has on the activity of these entities. The paper represents a quantitative research, by using an online questionnaire distributed to the personnel from the units that provide support services in Romania, both at the level of the executive and management functions. This questionnaire was answered by 291 employees the reply being given in the crowdsourcing system, representing a percentage of 19.4 of the total staff in the field of support services. </span><span lang="EN-US">Once it was established the representativeness of the sample, the research started with the main idea according to which, at the time of our study, in the services providing units in Romania, there were not shown any concerns for the development and promotion of the ethics and professionalism of organizational communication. Moreover, as we have demonstrated, the issue regarding organizational communication based on scientific grounds was only a theoretical goal. The answers obtained to the twenty questions of the questionnaire allowed us to notice and analyze some specific aspects of organizational communication at the level of the services providing units in Romania. For maximum accuracy of the results, our analysis was based on three derived working hypotheses. The methodology for testing these three working hypotheses was based on the multiple correspondence analysis, through the IBM SPSS 20 application, and on the method of comparison of the average scores, this being underlined by using also the ANOVA technique, for nuancing the results. The econometric testing of the hypotheses has led to their validation and allowed the formulation of appropriate conclusions regarding the professionalism of organizational communication and efficiency of the activity of the services providing units in Romania.</span></p> Robert-Andrei Costache Cristina State Dumitru-Alin Statie Genoveva Da Costa Lupédia Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 11 4 237 237 10.14207/ejsd.2022.v11n4p237