Tolerance as the Basis of the Polycultural Education Development
The aim of this article is to analyze psycho-pedagogical literature directed to present the problem of the tolerance as the basis of the polycultural education development. On the basis of this analysis the essence and the content of the "polycultural education" and "tolerance" concepts are presented. Thus, nowadays increases the role of the research of the national culture and value systems, conscious investigation of the specific features of various ethnoses, of valuable and symbolic aspects of national and ethnical societies’ existence. In this regard Kazakhstani experience presents a special interest, as here representatives of numerous nations, ethnoses and confessions having ancient cultural customs and traditions dating back centuries are concentrated. Complex multi-level process of the formation of tolerance should be considered as a dynamic process of continuous acquisition of skills of peaceful, conflict-free coexistence in a polycultural, polyethnic and multi-confessional medium, based on the acceptance, respect and understanding of each other. Moreover, the characteristics of tolerance and its components are given in this article.
Keywords: polycultural education; polyethnic education; culture; tolerance; intolerance; ethnical tolerance.