Conceptualization of the Life-Span Development Theory: Relevance for Sexual and Reproductive Health in Ghana
Sexual and reproductive health issues continue to generate concerns in contemporarysociety because it is essential to individuals, couples and families, as well as the social andeconomic development of communities and nations. The concept of sexual andreproductive health (SRH) provides a comprehensive and integrated approach to healthneeds related to sexuality and reproduction when viewed from the lens of lifespandevelopment theory. It is a public health concern, human rights issue and is indispensableto the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals because three out of the eightgoals are directly related to SRH, while the others have a close relationship with health.The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo provided animpetus for program planners, family planning researchers, service providers, policymakers and other stakeholders to recognize the importance of SRH internationally.Nonetheless, the global situation depicts clear inequities between developed anddeveloping regions. Also, women bear the major share of the burden of sexual andreproductive ill health compared to men. It is essential to close these regional and gendergaps since SRH is vital to our quality of life, as other major aspects of health. This paper,which is an exploration of the literature, highlights the (a) importance of SRH across thehuman lifespan, (b) determinants of SRH in Ghana, and (c) challenges associated withSRH issues in Ghana. Also, implications of SRH for public health education, policy,practice and research are discussed.
How to Cite
Iddrisu, B. M., & Dako-Gyeke, M. (2013). Conceptualization of the Life-Span Development Theory: Relevance for Sexual and Reproductive Health in Ghana. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 2(2), 87. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2013.v2n2p87